The first 100 days, by Marc H. Morial

11/19/2020, 6 p.m.
The 77.5 million votes for President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris are the most ever cast for a …

The 77.5 million votes for President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris are the most ever cast for a presidential ticket, breaking the previous record set in 2008 for President Obama.

In this election, as in 2008, Black voter turnout made the difference. They were not voting for a symbolic victory. The nation is in crisis. They want action. And so does the National Urban League.

This week, we sent a letter to President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Harris outlining what needs to be done.

As they prepare to enter the White House, more than 10 million Americans have been infected with the coronavirus. A record 65,000 are currently hospitalized and nearly a quarter-million have died. Our fellow citizens are standing in food lines, missing mortgage and rent payments and trying to keep the lights on. This pandemic has upended their lives. For them, relief now is imperative.

That’s why our first demand is an immediate stimulus response package of no less than $3 trillion. We support a stimulus that aligns with the provisions of the Heroes Act passed by the U.S. House of Representatives early in the summer.

Additionally, we’re calling for a $2 trillion economic recovery and infrastructure package to build an inclusive economy that eliminates structural inequality and opportunity gaps. This economic recovery plan must not only rebuild the nation’s roads, bridges and railways, it also must address water systems, parks, community facilities, affordable housing and broadband. Such an initiative would create millions of jobs as well as business opportunities for all Americans.

Central to this is a specific emphasis on providing job opportunities for Black and brown workers who have been particularly left out and battered by the COVID-19 recession. It also must include a commitment to invest in affordable housing, given the looming housing crisis that could derail a fragile economic recovery.

The last four years have seen a dramatic rollback of civil rights protections, a surge in racially motivated hate crimes, a deterioration of trust between police and the communities they serve and the stark exposure of entrenched health and economic disparities.

We have offered the Biden administration a set of fundamental principles on racial justice and equity to guide the first 100 days and beyond. These are:

• Fundamentally transform the criminal justice system.

• Protect and defend voting rights.

• Achieve economic parity for African-Americans.

• Advance equity in educational opportunities.

• Promote a healthier nation by prioritizing testing, treatments and cures for COVID-19 in communities of color.

The 100-day plan must include a new Voting Rights Advancement Act, comprehensive criminal justice reform and a vaccine distribution plan that emphasizes outreach to the hardest-hit communities.

The current plan for vaccine distribution relies almost entirely on chain pharmacies, a plan that failed dismally when it came to the distribution of testing supplies in the spring. A national plan to bring the virus under control must not only direct supplies to the poor and urban communities that have been hardest hit, but also address the long-standing health and economic disparities that allowed infections and death to skyrocket among Black Americans.

A fair and effective vaccine plan must maximize the use of community-based sites such as schools, community centers, churches and local Urban League-affiliate headquarters.

Finally, the administration will need a cabinet, senior advisors and a federal workforce that reflects American diversity, excellence and competence. The current cabinet is the least diverse in 50 years, and there is no doubt that limitation has contributed to its failures on many levels.

Both President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Harris have a long history of collaboration with the National Urban League, and we stand ready to partner with the new administration in the fight for racial justice, voting rights, fair housing, health care, education and employment, which have always guided our work.

The writer is president and chief executive officer of the National Urban League.